And there is no mention that Collin was a Jew. Not only was he a Jew, but he was a poseur and an exhibitionist, pretending to be a National Socialist leader while putting on a media sideshow which attracted to him a small group of losers and misfits who liked to wear uniforms and strut around in public. While the media focused on Collin, whose sole claim to fame was the uproar he generated when he announced that he intended to march his uniformed freak show through Skokie, Illinois, a Jewish suburb of Chicago, Rockwell's real successor was left without access to the media.

At the end of the Collin episode, the narrator does reveal to us that Collin was convicted and sent to prison in 1979 for sexually molesting little boys, but we are left with the impression that this smirking, prancing, child-molesting little Jew was a real National Socialist, the successor of George Lincoln Rockwell. That's the image of a National Socialist, the image of a Nazi, that the writers of this program deliberately and deceitfully plant in the public mind.

When it was discovered that his father had been Jewish and that he himself had been molesting children, he fell out of favour among other neo-Nazis. His father, whose original family name was Cohn (or Cohen), may have been an inmate at Dachau concentration camp. A psychiatrist who interviewed Collin when he was a neo-Nazi concluded that he was consumed by hatred for his father which may have influenced him to reject him in extremis by becoming a neo-Nazi and anti-Semite.

Collin was convicted of sexually molesting young boys in 1980 and served three years in prison before being paroled in 1983.

In what could be the oddest of coincidence, when Frank Collin was at Pontiac State Prison,

During the summer and into the fall of 1980 Frank Collin and Russell Burrows were both at the Pontiac Correctional Center in Illinois and could have met.  Collin was a neo-Nazi without a cause (as the Burrows was a prison guard getting ready to quit because the drive was too far from his home and he didn't care for the stress which came with the job.  Now, all these years later, Collin has a new book out about Burrows' Cave.  Meaningful coincidence?  Shirley might think so..





Cohen conceived in Dachau

When it was discovered that his father had been Jewish and that he himself had been molesting children, he fell out of favour among other neo-Nazis. His father, whose original family name was Cohn (or Cohen), may have been an inmate at Dachau concentration camp.

A psychiatrist who interviewed Collin when he was a neo-Nazi concluded that he was consumed by hatred for his father which may have influenced him to reject him in extremis by becoming a neo-Nazi and anti-Semite.





Collins Lederhosen

The American Connection

While the Nazi Party was crushed as a political force in 1945, remnants of Nazism survive around the world. As in Germany, many of these fascist groups are dominated by male homosexuals.

The most famous incident in the history of the American Nazi Party resulted from its 1977 demand to stage a march through the largely Jewish neighborhood of Skokie, Illinois, a Chicago suburb and the home of many Holocaust survivors.


This plan was devised by Frank Collin, who often appeared with his followers "in full Nazi regalia: brown shirts, black boots, and armbands..." Civil authorities effectively blocked the march at first, but the American Civil Liberties Union (ACLU) rose to Collin's aid and forced the City of Chicago to allow it. The subsequent event drew international media attention. Homosexualists Johansson and Percy in Outing: Shattering the Conspiracy of Silence have finally revealed, more than 15 years later, that Collin was a homosexual pederast. In 1979 Collin was arrested "for taking indecent liberties with boys between ages 10 and 14" and was sentenced to seven years in prison (Johansson and Percy, 1994:130).











Plan counterdemonstration

Nazi group given permit to march



SKOKIE- Village officials have is- sued a permit allowing a Nazi group to demonstrate in front of village hall at 3

p.m. Sunday, June 25. A second permit allowing the Jew- ish Federation of Metropolitan Chicago

to stage a counterdemonstration at the same time and place also will be is- sued, according to Mayor Albert


The village mailed a permit to the National Socialist (Nazi) Party of America Friday, May 26, four days aft-

er a U.S. appeals court ruled unconsti- tutional three village ordinances designed to prevent the march. The

permit, however, can still be rescinded by judicial or legislative action. Then, after an executive session fol-

lowing the regular village board meet- ing Tuesday, May 30, Smith announced

that a permit for a counterdemonstra- tion would be issued to the Jewish Fed- eration of Metropolitan Chicago.

PRIOR TO THE board’s unanimous decision to allow the counterdemon- stration, Sol Goldstein, a Holocaust

survivor, told the LIFE, "I hope we get the permit tonight--otherwise, we’ll lose control and there will be chaos,

wildness. People will come anyway and only an organized demonstration will solve the problem."

Goldstein, chairman of the federa- tion’s public affairs committee, said he xpects about 50,000 people from ac-

ross the country to participate in the counterdemonstration. According to Goldstein, leaders of the anti-Nazi

group will "do our utmost to control" those who show up. "To resist Nazis means that we must be committed

against violence also," he said. After more than a year of legal bat- tles in state and federal courts, the vil-

lage has nearly exhausted its legal options. Only two possibilities for av- erting the June 25 march still remain.

Village attorneys plan this week to appeal the decision of the appeals court to the U.S. Supreme court and to

ask for a stay of the lower court deci- sion while the case is pending. THE MARCH could also be can-

celled if the Illinois house of represent- atives approves two bills which were approved by the state senate on May

10. One bill would make it illegal to de- fame any ethnic group, while the other would ban demonstrations likely to re-

sult in physical violence and outlaw the display of symbols and uniforms hav- ing historical associations with viol-

ence. Smith refused to speculate on the li- kelihood of a June 25 Nazi march be- ause he said, "I don’t want to issue a

challenge to them. I don’t want to back them into a corner. I’d like to give hem every escape hatch."

Smith said he still believes the vilage will ultimately win its case against the American Civil Liberties

Union (ACLU) which is representing the Nazis. If the case is accepted by the Supreme court, new case law re-

garding the First Amendment will be put on the books, he said. "I still don’t believe the First Amendment is abso-

lute," Smith said. ACCORDING TO Smith, the neo-Nazis actually have been hurt by the

large amount of publicity accompanying their efforts to enter Skokie. He pointed to letters and petitions with

more than 1,500 signatures sent in sup- port of the village’s stance in opposing

the march as evidence of a nationwide backlash against the Nazis. Reacting to a statement made last

week by Nazi leader Frank Collin who offered to abandon plans for a Skokie march if he were legally allowed to

march in Chicago, Smith said "I don’t make deals with Nazis" and called Col-lin’s statement a "cop-out."

According to Erna Gans, leader of a group of Holocaust survivors, an office has been established by her organiza-

tion, the Dr. Janusz Korczak B’nai B’rith lodge, to handle work related to the threatened march.

VOLUNTEERS IN the second story office at 4948 Dempster answer phone calls and letters from all over the

country from people seeking informa- tion or offering support. The office is also the central headquarters for a na-

tionwide petition drive aimed at the U.S. Supreme court, Congress, and the President, asking for protection "from

neo-Nazism and from ideologies that preach hate and promote hate sym- bols, so that one-half million Ameri-

cans and 20 million other innocent people of every race, creed, religion and nationality who lost their lives dur-

ing World War II should not have died n vain." Gans said the petitions will be presented to all three branches of the fed-

eral government by a delegation of at least one person from every state and as many senators and representatives

as the group can attract.





Collins is Cohen

I can't imagine many readers would be impressed with your casuistry, but any that are might care to reflect, as you have not, on the career of one Frank Collins. Collins was leader of an outfit called the National Socialist Party of America, which notoriously attempted to stage a Nazi rally in the Jewish suburb of Skokie in the late 1970s. It turned out that Collins' family name was in fact Cohen, and that his father was a Holocaust survivor.

(Collins subsequently disappeared from view after receiving a lengthy prison sentence for sexually abusing children.) I presume, by the impressive logic you present here, that you're now going to complain at my designating as a neo-Nazi the leader of an overtly neo-Nazi party.





Principal events in the Nazi-Skokie controversy

April 27, 1977: Skokie sues to enjoin Nazi demonstration scheduled for May 1.
April 28: Injunction granted by Cook County Circuit Court.
May 2: Village board enacts three ordinances aimed at outlawing Nazi demonstrations.
June 14: U.S. Supreme Court orders Illinois courts to hear injunction appeal expeditiously.
June 27: Anti-Defamation League (ADL), representing survivors of Nazi Germany, sues for a separate injunction.
July 13: State Appellate Court upholds injunction granted in April.
Aug. 12: American Civil Liberties Union files suit challenging the three ordinances.
Jan. 27, 1978: State Supreme Court lifts injunction.
Jan. 30: State Supreme Court dismisses ADL suit.
Feb. 23: U.S. District Court strikes down ordinances.
May 22: U.S. Court of Appeals affirms decision striking ordinances.
May 23: Nazi leader Frank Collin announces he will drop Skokie plans if allowed to demonstrate in Chicago's Marquette Park.
June 12: U.S. Supreme Court refuses to block Skokie demonstration scheduled for June 25.
June 20: U.S. District Court orders Chicago Park District to give Nazis a permit.
June 22: Collin calls off Skokie march.
June 24: Nazis demonstrate in Chicago Loop.
July 5: U.S. Court of Appeals refuses to block Marquette Park march.
July 7: U.S. Supreme Court refuses to block Marquette Park march.
July 9: Nazis demonstrate in Marquette Park.





Frank COLLIN and the National Socialist Party of America, Plaintiffs‑Appellees,


Albert SMITH, President of the Village of Skokie, Illinois, John N. Matzer,

Jr., Village Manager of the Village of Skokie, Illinois, Harvey Schwartz,

Corporation Counsel of the Village of Skokie, Illinois and the Village of

Skokie, Illinois, a Municipal Corporation, Defendants‑Appellants.


Nos. 78‑1381, 78‑1385.


United States Court of Appeals,

Seventh Circuit.


Argued April 14, 1978.


Decided May 22, 1978.


 Members of National Socialist party brought action seeking declaration of unconstitutionality of three village ordinances.  The United States District Court for the Northern District of Illinois, 447 F.Supp. 676, Bernard M. Decker, J., declared ordinances to be unconstitutional, and village appealed. The Court of Appeals, Pell, Circuit Judge, held that: (1) ordinance prohibiting dissemination of materials which would promote hatred toward persons on basis of their heritage was unconstitutional; (2) permit for proposed march could not be denied on basis of anticipated violations of ordinance prohibiting the dissemination of materials which promote hatred toward persons on basis of their heritage; (3) ordinance prohibiting members of political party from assembling while wearing military‑style uniform was unconstitutional, and (4) ordinance requiring certain persons seeking to parade or assemble in village to obtain liability insurance in the amount of at least $300,000 and property damage insurance in the amount of at least $50,000 could not be constitutionally applied to prohibit proposed demonstration.




 Harlington Wood, Jr., Circuit Judge, filed a concurring opinion.


 Sprecher, Circuit Judge, concurred in part and dissented in part and filed opinion.


*1198 David Goldberger, Chicago, Ill., for plaintiffs‑appellees.


 Harvey Schwartz and Gilbert Gordon, Skokie, Ill., for defendants‑appellants.


 Before PELL, SPRECHER, and WOOD, Circuit Judges.


 PELL, Circuit Judge.


Hate Speech

One of the most significant free speech/hate speech cases arose in 1977. The National Socialist Party of America (NSPA), led by a man named Frank Collin, announced plans to march in front of the Village Hall in Skokie, Illinois. Skokie had a large Jewish population, including several thousand survivors of the World War II holocaust in Europe. Village officials first obtained an injunction against the demonstration. After the injuction was reversed, the village enacted three ordinances to prohibit certain kinds of demonstrations, including that of the NSPA. Collin sued to prevent the ordinances from being enforced.

In Collin v. Smith (1978), the circuit court decided the case in favor of Collin. The court said, in part:

No doubt, the Nazi demonstration could be subjected to reasonable regulation of its time, place, and manner….Because the ordinances turn on the content of the demonstration, they are necessarily not time, place, or manner regulations….To permit the continued building of our politics and culture, and to assure self-fulfillment for each individual, our people are guaranteed the right to express any thought, free from government censorship. The essence of this forbidden censorship is content control. Any restriction on expressive activity because of its content would completely undercut the "profound national commitment to the principle that debate on public issues should be uninhibited, robust, and wide-open."

The court also commented on the obvious pain that the Nazi demonstration would give to many of the residents of Skokie:

It would be grossly insensitive to deny, as we do not, that the proposed demonstration would seriously disturb, emotionally and mentally, at least some, and probably many of the Village's residents. The problem with engrafting an exception on the First Amendment for such situations is that they are indistinguishable in principle from speech that "invite(s) dispute … induces a condition of unrest, creates dissatisfaction with conditions as they are, or even stirs people to anger."

The court added that:

There is room under the First Amendment for the government to protect targeted listeners from offensive speech, but only when the speaker intrudes on the privacy of the home, or a captive audience cannot practically avoid exposure….



Marquette Park Film

Also in 1976 Tom shot what would become his most controversial and widely known film, the 25 minute MARQUETTE PARK.

In 1978 Tom and Mark lensed a follow-up, MARQUETTE PARK 2, which once again featured the Chicago Nazi party and would also be widely shown. Nazi leader, Frank Collin had previously tried to march his troops into Skokie, a mainly Jewish suburb. Police had stopped the march but the national news media turned the stunt into a mega-story and the whole country became embroiled in the free speech issue which was purportedly at the heart of it all. In MP-2, Collin marches his boys to Marquette Park, just up the street from his clubhouse - a very safe neighborhood for him to speak out in. The focus of this film falls upon the news media itself as it manufacturers deep significance from an event that by all on-the-spot evidence is a ludicrous charade.



David Goldenberg

Constitutionally Protected?

Speech that is hateful and demeaning to others is protected under the First Amendment. Many people believe that "hate speech" should be restricted by the government. These people are wrong. Free speech rights are absolute. To restrict the speech of one group or individual jeopardizes everyone's rights. The Constitution does not authorize the government to restrict or allow speech based on the content of the speech. If the government had that power then we would all be in danger. Popular ideas do not need protection from government, but rather unpopular and offensive ideas need such protection (ACLU). Even though you may disagree with what someone says, they still have a constitutional right to say it. As Voltaire said: "I detest what you say, but I will defend to the death your right to say it."

Frank Collin is an American. He is also a fascist, a racist, and a Nazi. Frank Collin wants to destroy freedom. Frank Collin hates and wants to deport African-Americans, Hispanics, and Jews. Frank Collin supports Nazi ideals and principles. He worships Adolf Hitler. Frank Collin accomplishes his ideals through his support of nazism. He gets his power through the power of the swastika and the image it portrays. Frank Collin hates minorities. Frank Collin hates Jews. Frank Collin is Jewish. Frank Collin's real name is Frank Cohn. His father is a Holocaust survivor. Frank Collin is the child of a death camp refugee. Yet Frank Collin hates Jews. He hates himself. (Hamlin, 1-6)

In 1977 Frank Collin, former leader and founder of the National Socialist Party of America (NSPA), requested permits from several Chicago suburbs to demonstrate. Most of these suburbs ignored the request. The government of Skokie, Illinois, however, said that if the NSPA paid $350,000 in insurance the rally could be held. The purpose of this requirement was to prevent the NSPA from marching. Most of the inhabitants of Skokie are Jewish. Many are either Holocaust survivors, children of Holocaust survivors, or Jews with close relatives who perished in the Holocaust. It is understandable and easy to see why the inhabitants of Skokie did not want Nazi's in their town. The inhabitants of Skokie did not want a fight, however that's exactly what they got.

The government of Skokie was the only one that responded to Frank Collin's request. Frank Collin wanted a fight. He really wanted to march in Chicago's Marquette Park so, he figured, if he started a fight he could get what he wanted -- a place to speak his views. Mr. Collin did not want to pay the insurance fee and he felt it was unconstitutional so Frank Collin went to the Illinois ACLU. At that time the National Executive Director of the ACLU was Aryeh Neier, a German Jew whose family perished in the Holocaust at the hands of the Nazi's. Frank Collin was defended by David Goldberger, another Jew (Neier, 38, 50). Aryeh Neier and David Goldberger defended Frank Collin. They defended a Nazi. Aryeh Neier and David Goldberger were not defending the Nazi's beliefs but rather the Constitutionally protected speech that Frank Collin and his organization were espousing. As Aryeh Neier said:

"Keeping a few Nazi's off the streets of Skokie will serve Jews poorly if it means that the freedoms to speak, publish or assemble any place in the United States are thereby weakened."

In the end Frank Collin did not march in Skokie. Sixteen months after the controversy began it abruptly came to an end. On July 9, 1978, Frank Collin and about twenty-five of his followers marched in Chicago's Marquette Park. Since the NSPA could march in Chicago they canceled their march in Skokie (Neier, 169). However, because the ACLU chose to defend the free speech rights of Nazi's many people have abandoned their support for the ACLU because they believe that the first amendment excludes hate-mongers such as Nazi's and the KKK. Many people are wrong.








Frank Collin: From neo-Nazi to Hyper-Diffusionist and Witch*
By R. D. Flavin

*A previous version of this article appeared in The Greenwich Village Gazette, Feb. 21, 1997, as "The Many Faces of Frank Collin."

Photo by Tony Soluri

Ron and Carla Gay were not afraid of the 1995 escapades of Frank Collin and his followers, but they were concerned about any influence those antics might have had on their young children.  The Gays are the caretakers of the Native American site known as Princess Mound, at Aztalan in Jefferson, Wisconsin.  It's been nearly four years and all is still quiet.

Because of events involving Collin and his followers, initially the Gays wanted to erect a public sign discouraging visitors who had read Collin's recent books, written under the pseudonym 'Frank Joseph', his first and middle names.  Frank Joseph Collin is most often associated in the public mind as the neo-Nazi who threatened in 1977 to march and rally in Skokie, a predominately Jewish suburb of Chicago.

In 1995, Collin showed up at the Princess Mound with a half-dozen women, all wearing long, white, one-hundred percent cotton robes.  Collin, who refused without explanation to pay the customary two-dollar admission, wore a "Thor's necklace," and carried a wooden staff embedded with special crystals collected on his research travels over the past several years.  The infamous Frank Joseph Collin (the half-Jewish, ex-neo-Nazi, and convicted pederast) is now also a witch.

The Illinois Corrections Department released Collin after three years, a "minimum time served," from his 1980 conviction of sexually molesting young boys.  Since 1983 Collin has established himself as a published author, editor, and anti-science proponent.  Collin now writes articles on sacred sites and Atlantis for such nationally distributed magazines as Fate and The Ancient American.  His publishers know the true identity of Frank Joseph; his readers do not.

Collin in 2001 as 'Frank Joseph'.
From: The Ancient American, Vol. 6, No. 39, 2001, p.16.
Used without permission.

Collin has told many people he's "a changed man," and he's "not into that anymore..."  Now a hyper-diffusionist -- a believer in pre-Columbian contacts between the Old and New Worlds -- Collin proclaims that scientists and historians have lied, and argues for a: "...New American History of tomorrow!"  A few years ago, then at age 50, Collin left his parent's home on the southside of Chicago, and relocated to Minnesota -- Collin appeared to be earning a fair income from his writing.  That job didn't last long and he moved just down the road from the publisher of The Ancient American.  According to JDL investigators, Collin continues to use his real name.

Milwaukee historian, Nancy Oesteich Lurie, has remarked on the position of Collin ('Joseph') that: "The rantings against the scientific 'establishment' or 'proper' scholars are of a piece with the urge to assassinate, in this case character or reputation if not physical harm."  Lurie is an authority on the Native American site of Aztalan and its Princess Mound and knows well the public misconceptions of the site, long before Collin became interested.  She feels sorry for Ron and Carla Gay and their having to endure "witches and warlocks" visiting the Aztalan Museum and site.  One woman, an admitted reader and admirer of 'Frank Joseph', wore a live snake wrapped around her
neck when she visited the site.  Lurie sees a sad, subtle usurpation of Native American history in Collin's hyper-diffusionistclaims.

The Native American tradition of building earthen mounds, like at Aztalan, has sparked wonder and speculation since Colonial times.  Toward a better understanding of the mounds, Thomas Jefferson became the first American archaeologist after digging into a small manmade mound in Virginia and discovered the contents were Native American and not those of some Old World lost race.  Though the mounds were still being built in the nineteenth century, many investigators ignored the data and saw these structures as evidence of an advanced civilization.  The misconception of fantastic origins, or what's called "The Myth of The Moundbuilders," appeals to historical revisionists, New Age types, Mormons, and others.

Collin is currently editor of The Ancient American, owned and published by Wayne May, a Mormon from Colfax, Wisconsin.  Though often overlooked, the avowed revisionist stance of the Mormons concerning American prehistory and their bizarre theory of race-origins for Native Americans are tolerated or ignored by most, yet they remain a direct challenge, like Collin's work, to conventional sensibilities and First Amendment rights.  An increasingly blatant Mormon propaganda vehicle, the glossy hyper-diffusionist magazine claims to offer "a forum for discussion between the professional and the avocational archaeologist."  One editorial signed Frank Joseph, ended with, "To the up-holders of ...out-dated dogma, we can only say 'We told you so'."  Wayne May says of Collin, "He's served the time.  He's paid his debt to society."

Frank Joseph Collin went to jail for hiring underage boys and violating them and Illinois law.  For Collin's role in the Marquette Park rallies in Chicago, the pamphlet distribution in Skokie with its "Death To The Jews" message, the media-manipulation after winning a Supreme Court decision allowing Collin to wear a swastika in any neighborhood of his choosing, Collin was never accused of anything other than being a nuisance, nor has he publicly spoken of those years since.  Collin was once quoted as saying, "I used it [the First Amendment] at Skokie.  I planned the reaction of the Jews.  They are hysterical."

Jonathan Miller, writing in The New Republic (179, p. 10, July 1978), warned: "There is a point for the rest of us, too.  It is that while whizzing along with Collin's fantasies, almost everyone involved has helped him succeed most wildly beyond his dreams.  The next Frank Collin, whoever she or he may be, should not be extended the same cooperation."  Not long ago, it is alleged that Collin was mugged while vacationing in Peru.  Reports indicate the involvement of a young boy in the crime.  Money earned from his writing has enabled Collin to vacation often since his release from prison.  A surprising number of other-wise normal people are happy for Collin and his success,
and how he's turned his life around.

Francis Joseph Collin was born in Chicago, Illinois on November 3, 1944.  His father, Max Simon Collin (formerly Cohn or Cohen), a Jew who is said to have spent time in the Dachau concentration camp, may have had a major impact on his life.  On Chicago television, one Illinois psychiatrist interviewed Collin during his neo-Nazi period and found him to be consumed with a "hatred for his father," and thought Collin's proposed Skokie march was, in effect, "an anti-Collin demonstration."  Today, Collin attends book-signings, radio interviews, writes about Goddess sites, and has a Christmas audio album in release.

Collin's historical revisionism and anti-establishment position can be traced directly to his involvement with the National Socialists White People's Party (formerly the American Nazi Party) and later, his own NSPA (National Socialists White People's Party of America), all of which espoused racist ideals.  Recent Nazi promotion is still primarily concerned with spreading anti-Black and anti-Jewish positions, yet more and more of their books, newspapers, and newsletters reveal newly created "secret" history, usually involving lost continents, ancient superior civilizations, and, increasingly, some incredible extraterrestrial scenarios.

The current rhetoric of Frank Collin is familiar to any reader knowledgeable of his past, as when Collin writes of an "Aztec holocaust," or discusses "miscegenation" and "racial identity."  Though no longer a card carrying Nazi, Collin may have attracted a Nazi audience through the use of a pseudonym, having been abandoned by his former followers for his Jewishness as well as his pederasty.  Frank Collin is still opinionated, confrontational, and arrogant, though now he uses a computer instead of a heavy club.

Since his release from prison sixteen years ago, Collin has tirelessly marketed himself in Chicago and southern Wisconsin.  Joining such amateur organizations as Madison's Ancient Earthworks Society and the larger Badger State Archaeological Society, Collin used scuba-gear to investigate Rock Lake, WI and its "mysterious" underwater piles of stones, which Collin believes are somehow related to the pyramids of Egypt.  For a recent book, Atlantis in Wisconsin (by 'Frank Joseph', St. Paul, MN: Galde Press, 1995), Collin engaged the services of Chicago and Milwaukee-based psychics to
comment on Rock Lake, its imaginary "necropolis," and the Princess Mound at Aztalan. 

Book seller

 Not surprisingly, Collin has visited, sold his books at, or arranged some event with nearly every sizable bookstore and gift-shop in southern Wisconsin.  Collin, as 'Frank Joseph' is well-known in some circles.

In 1987, when Collin heavily marketed his first book, The Destruction of Atlantis, at least three Chicago bookstore-owners recognized 'Frank Joseph' as Collin, the ex-neo-Nazi.  All three agreed to sell his first book and one occult bookstore, Arum Solis in the Andersonville neighborhood of Chicago, continues to sell his recent releases.  The bookstore's owner, Jack Armstrong, admits to selling "books by all types of people."  Collin still stops by on occasion, according to Armstrong.  Armstrong recognized 'Frank Joseph' as Collin in 1987 and thought nothing of it and still doesn't.  Coincidentally, Armstrong is not particularly liked in Chicago's neo-pagan community.

Russell Thorne, owner of Chicago's The Occult Bookstore, does not recall meeting Collin during the marketing campaign of 1987 and 1988.  On subsequent campaigns, Collin did visit Thorne's bookstore and made follow-up telephone calls.  During one recent conversation, Thorne addressed "the Nazi-thing" and Collin answered, "I'm a good boy, now."  Thorne wants to put together a coalition of local neo-pagans against Collin and his ideas.

One vocal critic of Collin is Native American author and poet, Jim Stevens of Madison, WI.  Stevens has concerned himself with Collin's antics as they directly effect the local Native Americans, primarily the Ho-Chunk/Winnebago tribe.  At one point Stevens retraced much of Collin's southern Wisconsin wanderings and provided concerned individuals a photocopied news-article about Frank Joseph's true identity.

Stevens regrets how Collin ingratiated himself into the Native American community.  An associate of Collin, since after his release from prison, is engineering professor (now emeritus), Dr. Jim Shertz, of the University of Wisconsin at Madison, the founder of the Ancient Earthworks Society.  This amateur group sees fascinating geometrical and astronomical layouts in many Native American sites and mounds, but interpret the technology as resulting from "smarter" and "more advanced" non-Native American visitors in ancient times.  Stevens asserts that Shertz's allegations of a highly respected Native American "Old Man" giving Shertz permission to discuss and disclose mystical
"secrets" are false, and that Shertz's claims of having "Indian blood" are illegitimate.

Burrows, Collin and Shertz

In what could be the oddest of coincidence, when Frank Collin was at Pontiac State Prison, he may have met a corrections officer named Russell Burrows, then of Olney, Illinois. 

Eighteen months after Burrows left Pontiac he claims he discovered a fantastic cave with gold, tombs, statuary, and dead bodies.  A cache of more than two thousand inscribed stones comically suggests a confluence of nearly every Old World artistic style and alphabetic script known.  The majority of the stones bear crude sketches of square-jawed faces, most resembling Chester Gould's character Dick Tracy, but wearing an Egyptian uraeus instead of a felt fedora.

Most everyone believes "Burrows' Cave" does not exist as described, however this hasn't stopped Burrows from selling the many inscribed stones he supposedly removed from the cave.  Shertz is president of B.C.C. ( the "Burrows Cave Committee") and Collin serves as editor of The Ancient American, the only nationally distributed magazine to feature articles on Burrows' Cave.  When first told of the real identity of 'Frank Joseph', Burrows feigned surprise and indignation, and then later admitted to having "met him while at Pontiac."  Burrows has since changed his mind and denies ever meeting Collin at Pontiac and claims their current relationship is recent.

Frank Joseph Collin has once more found a controversial niche to explore.  Gone is the brown-shirt, now replaced with a long, white robe.  Whatever costume Collin chooses to wear, which of his many faces he allows the public to see, or what name he uses, he stands as a primary reminder of the liberties generated by a free-society -- it's not against the law to be aberrant.

When Ron and Carla Gay first took over the information-center at Aztalan and the Princess Mound, The Lake Mills Leader ran a story on the young couple and their commitment to Native American history.  After the 1995 incident with Collin as his followers, the Gays considered putting up a broadside, but state and federal laws wouldn't permit it.  And, perhaps, that's for the best.  Collin may be steering towards legal confrontation with Wisconsin and federal authorities on his First Amendment rights.  Nazis, swastikas, and Jews have given way to witches, robes, and Native Americans in this sequel to Skokie.

The Constitution protects Collin's religion, what he chooses to wear, publish, and his right to assembly.  With the proposed Skokie march and the legal help of the American Civil Liberties Union, Collin took his case all the way to the Supreme Court and won.  It is not known when or whether Collin will again visit Aztalan and the Princess Mound, or if he'll pay the standard two-dollar admission, if he does.

Ironically, the skeleton at Aztalan is that of a robust male, as the original is too fragile and deteriorated.  Now stored at the University of Milwaukee, the so-called "beaded princess" is thought to have been a local wise-woman or shaman -- the concept of "princess" was unknown in Native American society.  Working with psychics, Collin believes the burial site is of "Katalani," the granddaughter of the marriage between an Old World visitor and a Native American from the Yucatan.  Such manufactured history may sell books, but stands as much of a chance at being accepted by historians, as Collin has of being elected mayor of Skokie.

Ron and Carla Gay, along with their children, may have quite a time in store for them.  As public volunteers, they provide assistance to tourists and other interested parties at the Native American site of Aztalan.  Ron Gay suspects Collin of worshipping Satan, and holds that the sign of the swastika represents a "cutting through of Heaven."  It will be interesting to the Gay family, legal students, and cultural historians to see which of his many faces Frank Joseph Collin wears next.


The following is taken from my online article, "Falling Into Burrows' Cave," and deals with Collin returning home to Chicago (albeit only in print).  See the article on Burrows for context.

"...A recent story in the Chicago Reader (Huebner 2002a) about “The Waubansee Stone” featured Frank Joseph, editor of The Ancient American, who “didn’t actually view the Waubansee Stone till the early 1980s, when he embarked on a career in ‘cultural diffusionist’ studies...”  Right.  Frank Collin, neo-Nazi and pedophile, gets out of jail and becomes ‘Frank Joseph’.  I wrote the Chicago Reader and expressed my disappointment (Flavin 2002).  The author’s reply was pure wiggle (Huebner 2002b) and a columnist reasoned "that when someone starts out life as a Nazi, there's nowhere to go but up (Miner 2002)."  Ouch."

Flavin, Richard.  2002.  "Letters to the Editor: Secret Identity," Chicago Reader, Vol. 31, No. 16, Sect. 1, p.3.  Unedited version: "To the Editor: Recently the Chicago Reader ran a story about a local enigmatic stone and featured comments by "Frank Joseph," an author, public speaker, and editor of THE ANCIENT AMERICAN magazine.  "Joseph" is the pseudonym of Frank Collin, the half-Jewish, ex-neo-Nazi, and convicted pederast, who achieved infamy for, among other things, threatening to march in Skokie.  Those who work with "Joseph" (his publishers, radio-talk show hosts, and others) know of his true identity and horrible past, but claim he's a changed man. 

 Today "Joseph" deals with such fantastic topics as Atlantis, UFOs, and specializes in a revisionist history which seeks to minimize the accomplishments of Native Americans and argues for a significant influence by Europeans and other Old World people before Columbus.  It's one thing for crackpots to overlook Collin's past, because his interests coincide with their own, and another for the Chicago Reader to use this sicko as an authority.  It's a shame his homecoming wasn't better publicized." 

Huebner, Jeff.  2002a.  "The Riddle of the Rock," Chicago Reader, Vol. 31, No. 14, Sect. 1, pp. 1 and 16-18.
Huebner, Jeff.  2002b.  "Letters to the Editor: Jeff Huebner replies," Chicago Reader, Vol. 31, No. 16, Sect. 1, p.3.  Huebner writes: "While I find his past indefensible, I can defend his right to espouse ideas about North American prehistory, as unpopular and far-fetched as they may be." 
Miner, Michael.  2002.  "Hot Type: News Bites," Chicago Reader, Vol. 31, No. 16, Sect. 1, pp. 4 and 5.  After mention of a "spirited letter to the editor (Flavin 2002)," and discussing a past assignment involving Collin, Miner writes: "My view is that when someone starts out life as a Nazi, there's nowhere to go but up.  If today Joseph is peddling the wacky theory that the Waubansee Stone -- the mysterious carved boulder that was the subject of Jeff Huebner's January 4 Reader cover story -- was sculpted by visiting Phoenicians 3,000 years ago, that's a lot less odious than the racial theories Collin pronounced back in the 70s. 

 But Flavin sees a line from then to now.  On his website,, he asserts, "The current rhetoric of Frank Collin is familiar to any reader knowledgeable of his past, as when Collin writes of an 'Aztec holocaust,' or discusses 'misegenation,' and 'racial identity.'"  Flavin tells me, "In fact, some of his magazine articles and books are actually being marketed in some skinhead catalogs."  Flavin, who describes himself as a "struggling novelist," lived in Chicago until 1994, when he moved east.  He's a fantastic-archaeology buff himself but takes it far less seriously than Joseph: "If a couple of Romans did come over here, who cares?"  As a writer, he's turned Frank Joseph into a cottage industry.  He tells me he's had at him in the Greenwich Village Gazette and New City and the CD-ROM database Ethnic Newswatch, as well as his own Web site.  I reached Joseph by phone and inquired about his unusual path through life.  "I have nothing to say about that," he responded."  Any reader, but a Chicago reader, it seems. 

I received an e-mail recently suggesting Collin has been using “A. V. Shaerffenberg” as a pseudonym (a book review in Ancient American #4; Jan/Feb 1994, pp. 28-29 has this byline).  AA #4 was the first to achieve a wide distribution and it’s safe to presume all published submissions were the result of prior direct mailings and not the product of unsolicited happenstance.  The editorial office listed (bottom of p. 29) was Collin’s parent’s address.  Shortly after my confirmation that the editor and writer 'Frank Joseph' was indeed Collin, I noted the various bylines in the magazine and attempted to contact both content authors and those whose letters to the editor had been published.  The name “A. V. Schaerffenberg” interested me, however I was unable to locate the author at the time and the matter retired to my files.  Now, almost a decade later and with the advent of Internet search-engines, finding material under this byline is easy.  The author writing as “A. V. Schaerffenberg” is racist scum and I’m particularly offended by an attempt to portray Walt Disney as a Nazi sympathizer.  In my opinion “A. V. Schaerffenberg” is not another pseudonym used by Collin, as the writing styles are different in compositional subtleties and adjectival usage.  The hate-filled author using the byline of “A. V. Schaerffenberg” is actually a better writer than Collin.  However, that this author published in an early issue of AA connects the editor 'Frank Joseph' with the infamy of Collin, despite claims in 1994 and later that he’s “not into that anymore...”  Collin’s efforts are the stuff of psychology and legal decisions.  Those associates of his?  Fellow hawkers at a carnival of deceit. Caveat emptor.

During an afternoon of Google-surfing, I happened upon the webpage of a Canadian radio talk-show which specializes in New Age weirdness, sort of an Art Bell-lite program with more “Oh, the wonder of it!” as opposed to “The government and the aliens are working together to keep gas prices high, right?”  Mindshift: Exploring The Un-Explained, hosted by Errol Bruce-Knapp, airs Sundays nights at 10 PM EST on CFRB AM1010 out of Toronto.  The program guide to the show lists Collin (‘Frank Joseph’) several times as a guest.  The most recent listing, in January, contains the description: “Regular contributor Frank Joseph whose latest book The Lost Treasure of King Juba chronicles the discovery of The Burrows Cave in Southern Illinois and its contents gives us an update on the dig at the site.....” [Note: Hyperlinks in the above description are as they appear on the Mindshift webpage.]  A listing from 8-31-03 has Collin hawking another book, Synchronicity & You: Understanding the Role of Meaningful Coincidence in Your Life, by Frank Joseph (New York: Vega /Sterling, 2003).  A cover-blurb, written by Shirley MacLaine, reads: “Frank Joseph’s book on synchronicity demonstrates, with research and understanding, how truly harmonious and balanced every act and event in our lives is - not just coincidence.  It proves how we are all parts of a fabric of which we should be made more aware.”  Collin ('Frank Joseph') has been a guest several times on Shirley's radio program starting with, I believe, promotion for the publication of his book Sacred Sites of the West, by Frank Joseph ( Blaine, WA: Hancock House, 1997). 

A brief article, "Why Go to a Sacred Site?" by Frank Joseph appears on Shirley's website.  During the summer and into the fall of 1980 Frank Collin and Russell Burrows were both at the Pontiac Correctional Center in Illinois and could have met.  Collin was a neo-Nazi without a cause (as the local neo-Nazis didn't take kindly to finding out his father was Jewish) and serving time for being a homosexual pedophile.  Burrows was a prison guard getting ready to quit because the drive was too far from his home and he didn't care for the stress which came with the job.  Now, all these years later, Collin has a new book out about Burrows' Cave.  Meaningful coincidence?  Shirley might think so..
Collin in 2003 as 'Frank Joseph'.
From: The Mindshift webpage at
Used without permission.

A photograph of Collin as a brownshirt neo-Nazi may be found here.

return to  








Ill holocaust education law

One of the foremost accomplishments of the Foundation was the passage of the Illinois Holocaust Education Mandate. This landmark legislation was signed into law on January 1, 1990, and made Illinois the first state in the U.S. to require Holocaust education be included in all public elementary and high school curricula.






Eisenhower and Churchill Books


Eisenhower's Memoirs

Absolutely no mention of gas chambers.

Churchill's Memoirs

Absolutely no mention of gas chambers.














Burrows Cave


The major problem with Burrows Cave is that the more one examines the story, the more hoax-like and fabricated it begins to sound. At first glance it sounds plausible--a hiker falls into a cave and finds a trove of potentially-important artifacts. Then we are told the artifacts are not from only one culture, but are Egyptian, Etruscan, Greek, Scandinavian, Roman, Vedic (from India/Pakistan), Hebrew, and so forth. Suspicion naturally grows since it's highly unlikely that all these cultures would've been interacting with the same native American tribes, much less at the same time, without leaving records of their own to tell the tale.

The situation is further complicated by the appearance of Frank Collin, the former neo-Nazi and convicted felon who's restyled himself in a new and more respectable mold. Loud alarms begin going off once murky relationships involving certain diffusionists, fringe-group Mormons, and fundamentalists begin to emerge. Here we are presented with groups who desperately want to believe in extensive contact between native American tribes and various Old World cultures, for a variety of reasons, and who reject interpretations that fail to support this theory.

Worse still, these groups label mainstream science as the "defenders of orthodoxy" who are attempting to "suppress" their discoveries and keep "the truth" away from the public at large. These are the rantings of the pseudoscientist who believes in his own genius and that everyone else is simply misguided or wrong, or of fundamentalists who reject science in favor of Biblical literalism. One is reminded of UFOlogists who treat government denials as "proof of the conspiracy," hawkers of perpetual-motion devices who claim their revolutionary breakthroughs are being ignored or "suppressed" by jealous scientists, and creationists who wrongly equate "theory" with "guess."

Burrows Cave may be a legitimate find or it may be an elaborate hoax; given the available data the latter conclusion seems far more likely. If it is the former, then it behooves its supporters to bring it more fully to the attention of mainstream archaeologists using the same channels and publications that are used for scholarly purposes; write and publish solidly researched articles, allow a legitimate archaeological survey of the site, and let the evidence stand on its own. If it is indeed a hoax, then the reason the location of the cave (if one even exists) is being kept secret becomes obvious--a close examination would reveal the lie.

Extraordinary claims require extraordinary proof. Until Burrows supporters allow proper studies to be done by competent and unbiased researchers, and until they are willing to accept legitimate criticism from scholars who find the evidence sketchy at best, their claims will remain relegated to the "junk science" file. Likewise, scientists and historians who have dismissed the site as a hoax would do well to publish at least one detailed refutation discussing all the available physical evidence to support their own viewpoint. A blithe dismissal of the site without publishing a readable, accessible refutation only provides additional fuel to support the views of those who accuse mainstream science of excessive orthodoxy and an inability to accommodate new ideas. But the burden of proof is firmly upon the supporters of the cave's authenticity since their extraordinary claim has, to this date, produced no reliable proof and a great deal of suspiciously evasive maneuvering. To echo the words of several academics, it's time for Burrows supporters to put up or shut up.






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Note: All information contained in these pages is © 2001-2003 Richard E. Joltes. Short excerpts may be used in other publications where proper credit is given and permission is granted in advance. All rights reserved.






Rense and Frank Joeseph

Jeff Rense interviewed Harry Hubbard (HH) earlier this summer, then Russell Burrows. Both of these interviews have been discussed on this forum in other threads.

Recently, Rense interviewed another knowledgable player regarding the Lowery/Burrows Caves = Frank Joseph, for three hours. (Thanks to a friend for clueing me in on this latest interview.)

I've listened to much of it -- go to:
Then click on "Archives" and go to July 27, 2004, which is the radio broadcast date with Frank Joseph.

He said the cave was used as early as 2300 BC and it was used as late as the 1600's because he found late Mississippian era artifacts.

He talked about the sealed burial chambers he broke into and how one had a skeleton of a man, one had a woman and two children. The woman had a spear point in her chest and the children had holes punctured in their foreheads, which he figured were from the marble axehead he found there. The man and woman were adorned in jewelry and precious metals and stones.

There is evidence of a dried up lake on the surface and he believes that a seam opened up during the 1811-1812 earthquakes that caused the lake to drain into the cave, leaving the silt. He said that there was a breeze in the cave but he was never able to find where it came from.

The silt is 8-12 feet deep with 12"-18" head room through most of the cave except for the burial chambers that were sealed. (They aren't sealed and protected now thanks to you, are they, Russell? No telling what damage may occur as a result of THAT) The silt is more or less uniform as if it was there a long time. The rear portion of the cave that he made it to probably caused the drain area because it has about a 6" down angle.

He went in about 50 feet on his first trip. Next trip, he found tablets, carved stones, etc. buried in the silt. He later looked for obstructions and found artifacts piled up by them.

He said the cave was used as early as 2300 BC and it was used as late as the 1600's because he found late Mississippian era artifacts.

He sent pottery shards to Cyclone Covey. He also thought all the stone artifacts were made from local mudstone which was colored black by pockets of coal.

When Jeff asked him who else had been in the cave, he mentioned the property owner and an anthropologist (no mention of his brother in law). He says he turned the cave over to this unnamed anthropologist 3 years ago and when Rense asked if the cave was "secure", he said yes. (So, who is this "anthropologist" anyway?)

When Rense asked him about allowing a legitimate organization to excavate, he hinted that such a venture had already begun mapping (but then he said they said his mapping was good), etc.

He talked about the sealed burial chambers he broke into and how one had a skeleton of a man, one had a woman and two children. The woman had a spear point in her chest and the children had holes punctured in their foreheads, which he figured were from the marble axehead he found there. The man and woman were adorned in jewelry and precious metals and stones.

He said that the man's chamber contained bronze weapons, copper armbands, etc. and 6-10 large jars appearing to be Coptic, and some had fallen over at some point exposing scrolls contained within. He (supposedly) didn't dare touch them as he realized their significance. The chambers had white marble slabs for walls, something not found in Southern Illinois.

Then he found (and broke into) the tomb in the lower portion of the cave and said he could stand up and walk in that one. It contained an "amazing" sarcophagus with a gold coffin which appeared Egyptian. He slid off the limestone lid and discoverd human remains, a colored cloth (possibly purple and in an advanced state of decay) and a well decorated death mask and Egyptian looking artifacts. He (supposedly) removed the purple cloth with a "gloved hand". (I wonder what he did with it) He said that he didn't stay there long as he felt "uncomfortable" there and he closed it back. (I'll bet he didn't seal it)

He says he took the anthropologist into the above crypt and that the guy just shook his head and looked kind of sick.
He heard what sounded like rushing water in the lower passage also.

Then the discussion went to the mapstone of the Mississippi and its tributaries which Rense had posted on his site. They discussed how the Mississippi delta was not shown on this map because it hadn't built up yet, helping to reveal its age, as well as what rivers and swamps were shown and what the symbols meant. (no point in me going into detail on that, as most of you already know what they probably mean) The writing was ancient Hebrew or Old Negev as per Dr. James Harris, who is now retired from BYU. The sideways "E" with the extra line is the symbol for the cave down the Skillet Fork River.

When asked if any of the media tried to cut a deal on the cave, he said "none legit".

He said Jack Ward was selling artifacts out the back door that he was bringing in the front door. He knows where all the sold pieces are and that every piece will be made available for study.

That's most of it. He is obviously a skilled and professional caver who knows how to excavate and preserve a site.

Tuesday July 27, 2004


Frank Joseph
Strange America




Mystery Cave Could Prove Ancient Visitors Were Here

By John Tiffany
A spelunker named Russell Burrows from the southern Illinois town of Olney allegedly discovered a mysterious cave along a branch of the Little Wabash River. If even some of the stories told surrounding this mysterious event are true, what are said by some to be the startling contents of the cave would set traditional American archeology on its ear.
In 1982, Russell Burrows was a man with a hobby: He liked to explore places that had been untouched for a long time. He knew of one region in Illinois where, according to rumor, there had once been a number of old homesteads. Burrows decided to explore the area. Burrows headed into the rugged, wooded countryside. He carried a metal detector, with which he hoped to locate relics of a century and more past: parts of old stoves, lamps, wedges, ax heads and other traces of early settlers and homesteaders.

Burrows stopped to eat his lunch on a bluff that overlooks a valley. He stood up and stepped on the edge of a flat, round rock. His weight on the side of this rock flipped it as if on a pivot, and Burrows found himself falling into a pit below the rock. What happened next is told in his own words:
I found myself falling into a pit which had been secreted beneath a large oval stone which, as I later discovered, was fitted into the pit opening and designed to flip or turn over when stepped on. The unfortunate victim would fall to the bottom of the pit, the stone would swing back in place and the victim would be trapped. I was fortunate: When I stepped on that stone, I was in the act of turning, and the stone, instead of flipping over, slid off to one side and left the pit open.

I do not actually remember hitting bottom; my next recollection is of hanging on to the lip of the pit by my elbows, in great alarm. I admit that I have a great fear of holes that I’m not ready for, because of snakes. But I found none. When I freed myself and regained my composure, I began to examine the pit and have a look at what was to be the beginning of the greatest adventure of my life. . . . I sat down to calm my nerves, catch my breath and give the situation some thought.
Burrows found himself in a chamber, with a huge face on one wall.
I did not have to be a genius to figure out that I had stumbled into something that just should not be in Illinois. I have hunted for and found many artifacts of the American Indians and there are many of their sites in my part of the state, but I knew then that this was not American Indian. The face I had been nose to nose with was different from anything I had ever seen. The nose was flat, the eyes were wide-set, and the lips were thick.

Then, of course, there were all those strange symbols to consider. I had crawled under a ledge and was looking for petroglyphs such as I had seen in the pit. I had searched all the walls of the entire length of the valley, and while I had seen a few scratchings, I was not all that excited about what I had seen so far. Finally, I gave up on this last place, and decided to quit. In disgust, I tossed my small rock pick against the inside wall of the overhang. The rock gave out a distinctly unnatural sound: a hollow ring, not what I’d expect from solid rock. . . . As it was now clear that a cave was on the other side. . . . My first entrance was through this portal and into a tunnel-like passage which has a drop-off of about three feet just inside of the portal. I was met with a strong, musty odor. Not of decay, but musty.

As I moved my head and light around, I saw a full human skeleton reposing on a large block of stone. It scared the hell out of me! Then I began to see other things lying there with those bones. I saw ax heads, spear points, and something else—metal! The skeleton was laid out upon a solid block large enough to hold not only the remains but artifacts as well. The artifacts include ax heads of marble and other stone material, an ax head of what appears to be bronze, a short sword of what appears to be bronze, and other artifacts which might be considered personal weapons. There were also a set of three bronze spears, the longest being about six feet long and the shortest about three feet. . . . The skeletal remains bear several fine artifacts such as armbands, headbands and other such items, all of gold.
The cave is said to lie somewhere along the Skillet Fork of the Little Wabash River in southeastern Illinois. It supposedly contains 13 elaborately ornamented burial crypts. It is unclear and a matter of controversy who, besides Burrows, has actually been inside the cave.
But Burrows has produced hundreds, if not thousands, of curiously carved stones that he says came from the cave. And some of the artifacts allegedly were not of stone, but of gold. It is claimed that Burrows sold off enough artifacts to unknown buyers that he was able to place $7 million in Swiss numbered bank accounts. According to Swiss journalist Luc Buergin, this money derives from the illegal sale of gold artifacts from the North American burial site. (Other sources claim that Burrows melted down all the gold and sold it as ingots. Still others question whether there ever was any gold in the first place.)

Buergin accuses Burrows of having clan destinely sold thousands of “burial gifts.” In his recently published book Geheimakte Archeologie (“Secret file: Archeology,” ISBN 3-7766-7002-9, Munich 1998) he presents documents, financial papers and pictures which indicate that Burrows has removed enormous quantities of gold from the cave system.

TBR managed to reach Mr. Burrows personally at his home in Windsor, Colorado on August 15. He told us that Buergin got his information from Harry Hubbard and Rick Flavin, “both of whom are high school dropouts. Hubbard is trying to sell stock in a company called Ptolemy Pro ductions, but has been on the run from the police for selling fraudulent stock for over a year. Flavin is a guy who stole artifacts from a woman in Cadillac, Michigan and who just likes to shoot his mouth off.”

Fred Rydholm is an amateur archeologist (with 50 years’ experience) who, along with Russell Burrows, authored a book about the site, called Mystery Cave of Many Faces. TBR interviewed him regarding the discovery, which many have labeled a hoax. Rydholm was asked how much gold, in terms of weight, has been taken out of, or is in, Burrows Cave. He replied that Burrows claims “huge amounts” of gold are involved. However, Rydholm himself has only seen one small box of golden artifacts, and has not examined them closely. Bur rows himself told TBR that over a ton of gold was found in the cave, and that none of it ever left.
According to Hu McCulloch of the Economics Department at Ohio State University, Vol. 3, No. 16 of Ancient Ameri can magazine “has a series of interesting articles on the Burrows Cave, which is surely either the biggest find or biggest running hoax of 20th-century American archeology.”

McCulloch said on the Internet: “Most if not all of the ‘gold’ on the cover and inside Ancient American is known to be gold-painted lead casts of purported original artifacts.” (He did not explain how this was known.)

TBR asked Rydholm, “Has any of the gold been analyzed to determine its origin or fineness?” “I don’t know anything about that,” he replied. Burrows told TBR that none of it was ever tested. However, he was of the belief that the gold must be very fine, “because you can bend it with a thumbnail.”

Rydholm was asked whether any accepted or establishment organization has taken an interest in Burrows Cave. And if so, what have they done?

He replied that a Dr. John White, of Columbus, Ohio, who is a physicist and is also an officer in the Midwestern Epigraphic Society, believes the artifacts are authentic. Zena Halpern, of the Midwestern Epigraphic Society and the Institute for the Study of American Culture (ISAC), is working on an inscription that she claims appears to portray a Jewish menorah, from the cave. He said she also claims that a silver menorah was removed from the cave by Burrows.

White said:
I have not been confronted by physical evidence that would tend to prove it is a fraud. I am a scientist, and the type of things that have been said that are negative seem to have little substance; but they do open your eyes to the possibility that you are never really sure, even when you enter a major museum. Very few artifacts have a good pedigree. No more than 1-10 percent really have a good pedigree. Nearly always (in museums, for example) they are called Greek because they look Greek; they are called Egyptian because they look Egyptian.

By the way, I have no certainty that there is a Burrows Cave. I am just talking about the artifacts. So you look at these artifacts, and they look old. I know nothing about the gold objects, other than just the talk. As long ago as 1994, I was offered a chance to pick up a set of lead replicas. I have about 50 replicas that are gold painted. I am sort of an authority on Burrows’ propaganda. If it is fraudulent, it would have taken a team of about 10 experts and I do not know how many craftsmen to make them. The going price for these objects would not compensate anyone for making them. No one that I have ever been introduced to has ever seen the cave, other than Burrows.
“What I can authenticate,” Zena Halpern told TBR, “is a very, very rare menorah with a triangle base.
The unusual aspect of a triangle base menorah is what distinguishes these stones and makes them so unique. There are only two known examples in ancient Jewish sources of this unusual menorah with a triangle base, and they date from the first century B.C., when the menorah still stood in the Second Temple. Prior to the destruction of the Second Temple, menorahs were not depicted due to the prohibition against reproducing sacred objects from the temple. How ever, after the destruction of the temple in 70 A.D., in about the second and early third centuries A.D., menorahs began to be represented in the diaspora, and they all had three legs as a base. The first example of a menorah with a rare triangle base is relatively unknown and is found on coins minted by the last Judean king in the years from 40 to 37 B.C. The name of the king appears on the coins: Mattathias Anti gonus II. This was a daring and innovative act for the king, as the reproduction of the menorah was forbidden by Jewish law. However, he was engaged in a desperate struggle against Herod and the Roman legions for control of Jeru salem, and he minted the coins as a Jew ish symbol to rally the people to his cause. This triangle-base menorah never appeared again on coins and did not appear on any Jewish objects until the late second or early third centuries A.D., and when it appeared it had a base of three legs. The second example of a menorah with a triangle base is from an archeological dig in 1969 beneath the Old City of Jerusalem from a house partially destroyed in the Roman assault on Jerusalem. This menorah was incised in plaster on the wall of the house and is considered the earliest clear depiction of the menorah which stood in the temple. It is dated to the Herodian era, 37-4 B.C. Prof. Nahman Avigad, director of the excavation, stated that the menorah had been found only a few hundred yards from the Temple Mount, and the artist probably saw the temple menorah every day. The depiction is rare because of the holiness of the object. (New York Times, Dec. 3, 1969) Two other objects were also represented on the plaster and were reconstructed to be the altar and the shewbread table, objects which stood in the temple. The golden menorah was carried off to Rome by Titus, and a representation of the menorah was carved on the Arch of Titus; but it had an octagonal base. A description of the construction of the menorah is given in Exodus 25:31-37, and while the specifications are [otherwise] extremely detailed, no mention is made of the base.

The appearance of this menorah, an obscure and rare object, from a brief window of time, on these stones remains an intriguing mystery. Along with the menorah, three ancient Hebrew letters also appear on the stones, which are yod, heth and daled, possibly an ancient spelling of “Judea,” but more analysis is needed to confirm this. There are also depictions of sacred objects from the temple on some of the stones such as the shewbread table, musical instruments and a possible shofar.

There are many unresolved questions remaining about the cave, and much controversy has occurred over the years. However, the reproduction of this rare, triangle-base menorah poses a most intriguing and fascinating mystery.
Cyclone Covey, a historian who has studied many languages and epigraphy, is convinced the cave is genuine. He stated:
Carthaginian religion was Egyptian, and their outpost was the Siwa oasis, a place visited by Alexander the Great, and called by them Amonia, from the Egypt ian god Amon. It was a famous oracle throughout antiquity because it was like the Delphic oracle; it was one of the four major ones that could predict the future. It was visited by the Emperor Hadrian. All the Libyans of north Africa adhered to the Egyptian religion. The cave is an Egyptian-style mausoleum. The tombs of the kings of Egypt are constructed in the same way as those in Burrows Cave. They are water-tight. Burrows had not been to the tombs in Egypt, but his de scription matches it completely. Many of the stones from the cave are written in Numidian, and some are in Libyan, while others are in Ptolomaic Greek. The Yuchi Indians used to live in a large area, among all the tribes that were Algonquin speaking. Their own language is of Scythian derivation. The Yuchi tradition is that they had a sacred mausoleum in that vicinity, which they sealed, about A.D. 800. Ca hokia rose like a mushroom and became the dominant power in the region. Russell did not know anything about this tradition when he discovered the cave. The cave owner was known as “Neff,” but his real name was a lengthy Italian one. Carthaginian gold coins were molded, and they have a horse head on one side. The Yuchi tradition is that there was gold in the cave, and an archive. The Yuchis in the time of De Soto lived in houses, not teepees, and were lighter-skinned than other Indians.

I do not think Burrows has made a lot of money out of the cave. He lives rather simply on his military pension, like lower middle-class people. He has a motorcycle, and not a Cadillac.
“Is it possible that the artifacts were manufactured by a 19th-century cult, as some have alleged?” he was asked.
No, sir, I think it is utterly impossible. Utterly impossible. There are no signs that the cave was discovered before Burrows fell into it. No one knew enough to fake Numidian, Keltiberian and other languages which were not known until the 20th century. It is like the Paraiba inscription that recounts how a Phoeni cian expedition was carried to Brazil, and the language in the inscription is Phoenician, which is very close to He brew and had certain turns of phrases that were unknown at the time the Paraiba inscription was discovered.
Wayne May, publisher of Ancient American, told TBR:
By the finder, a lot of gold has been taken out of the cave. Testing tells us there is still more gold in the ground. Burrows melted the gold down and sold it. He looted the sit. Burrows now claims the site [which we are preparing to excavate] is not his site. A little over 7,000 artifacts have come out of the cave, not counting the gold items. A lot of scientists have looked at the material, but they are being quiet until the location of the site is divulged. We have an archeologist on hand, and will have Ho-Chunk [Winneba goes] from Black River Falls, Wisconsin on the site upon opening late September this year [2001].
Burrows told TBR that, as a retired prison guard, he is living on Social Security, and that he manages to support a middle-class lifestyle on this as his only source of money.

Beverly Mosley, former director of art at the Ohio Historical Society, and currently president of Midwestern Epigraphic Society, told TBR:
There is a lot of creativity in these artifacts. Some of it is what we call minimal art, like Eskimo art. We are talking thousands of artifacts, and they are all different. They could not possibly have been made all by one person. There is no way in hell that the average Joe Schmo can put together an ancient style of writing and make it readable. There are probably 10 different alphabets written on these stones. For someone to duplicate these things, they are going to have to know five or six alphabets, and know how to draw things correctly. Probably out of the stones I have seen, I have seen 500 with ancient script on them. There is a lot of Iberian writing, ogam and tifinag writing.
(Tifinag is a script of unknown origin, used by the Tuareg in certain objects, like bracelets and rock inscriptions.)

Geologist Dr. Jim P. Scherz (author of Rock Art Pieces from Burrows Cave) has studied the stone artifacts. According to him, there is weathering on their surfaces that proves the stones are very old, quite possibly going back to the time of Christ, if not older than that. Certainly they are far older than the century or so that some establishmentarians have suggested as a maximum.

Of course, it is not unusual for discoverers of “politically incorrect” evidence to run into serious problems with the establishment. In his book, Burrows tells of his first unpleasant brush with academia:
I contacted [Eastern Illinois University] and inquired if they had an anthropologist on their staff. They did, and I was put in contact with him. A meeting was arranged, and I made the trip up to the university to meet with this young fellow, whom I will refer to as Mr. “Brown.” . . . This probably could have happened at a number of universities across the country. . . .

The first thing he asked me was, “Where is the cave?” I told him I didn’t want to reveal the location of it at that time because of the fact that I had not yet worked out an agreement with the land owner, and, as a matter of fact, I had not met him, nor did I know who he was. Brown was a little put out with the fact that I was not going to spill the whole pot of beans to him, but he said that he doubted the artifacts were all that old. He told me he would attempt to find out what they were and that he would get back to me as soon as he could. I left the university and made the trip back to Olney. While doing so, I was doing a lot of thinking. Why didn’t he think those artifacts were old? . . . The trip home took about an hour. I sat down at the kitchen table to ponder the situation. Just as I was getting into my second cup, the telephone rang. It was Brown. “Great news,” he said, “I found out what your artifacts are. I called the state archeologist at Champaign, and after I described the artifacts to her, she said, ‘Oh, I know what those things are. They were made by a cult in southern Illinois about 100 years ago, and they must have hid them in caves or buried them.’ ” “You mean she was able to make that determination from your description by telephone?” I asked, when I found my tongue. “Oh, sure,” came back Brown. “She is a very sharp person and has studied the history of southern Illinois at length. She really knows what she’s talking about.” What do you do when you are backed into a corner like that? My first thought was to walk away and forget it. They must have had a very low opinion of my judgment. But now I had the same opinion of theirs.
In conclusion, it can only be stated that nothing can safely be concluded regarding Burrows Cave at this time. Hopefully, some time within the next few months, there may be some official statement by a university or reputable archeologist, but for now, all anyone has to go on is hearsay. Rydholm says that seismographic tests are presently being conducted around the site to verify the existence of chambers. He adds that definitive results should be due out in the fall.
If it turns out that Burrows Cave is for real, it could be the hard evidence diffusionists have been looking for for a generation. Not many publishers would be disappointed either. It would mean every schoolbook in America would have to be reprinted with the truth about the feats and abilities of our ancient ancestors. v

Eldon Kimball

   "Glenn" Kimball's real name is Eldon W. Kimball; he may be a Mormon and he operates a Web site where he sells books, or at least photocopied works, relating to religious topics such as the "secret teachings of Jesus" and other apocryphal subjects. Since at least mid 2001 he has been posting messages on his discussion board regarding the "excavation" of a cave near the rumoured location of Burrows Cave; he claims to be in the process of performing site studies in preparation for the recovery of golden coffins, inscriptions relating to the Bible, and so forth.

     Kimball claims to have conducted GPR (Ground Penetrating RADAR) and other technical studies of the area in question. Some of the charts and other data from these studies were posted on  Art Bell's Web site since Kimball has been a frequent guest on Bell's show. However, as another researcher points out on his site, none of the charts show any sort of legend or distance scale, so we're presented with ambiguous data that could have been obtained anywhere.

    Without the chart certification data and scale indicators we have no idea what the images show, where they were taken, or even if they were obtained by a competent operator. See an off-sitearticle for more information, as well as allegations (as yet uncorroborated) that the GPR and other sensing equipment was tampered with in order to cause it to produce spurious results.

     At first it seemed Kimball represented a completely new, independent player who was trying to capitalize on the notoriety of the cave, possibly in order to promote his Christian-text sales efforts. However,
recent postings on Kimball's e-mail list have revealed that the old triumvirate of Wayne May (publisher of The Ancient American magazine), Frank Collin, and Russell Burrows are involved in Kimball's efforts. This is extremely interesting, given the latter's statement that "In January, 1998, I was informed by the person now in charge of the property that my responsibility to what has become known as Burrows Cave had ended" (Burrows, 1998). If this is true, how has he suddenly become involved in this saga yet again?

     Kimball himself is an interesting character. He uses the honorific "Dr." but does not specify in what field it was awarded. He also claims to have "taught at Southern Illinois University" in the 1976-78 timeframe. The personnel department at this institution was unable to find any record of Kimball's status as a faculty member; instead, he was listed as a graduate teaching assistant in the Communications department during the timeframe mentioned above. They were also unable to find any record of his having received a PhD or any other advanced degree.

     Similarly, Kimball recently claimed he was in discussion with The Discovery Channel regarding "his" new TV series; in one message he claimed "we have met with [the channel] on Monday and shown them the pilot of my new series. It was so well received that they told us point blank they are sending us a package contract for our consideration" (Kimball, msg. of 25 Oct., 2001). When contacted about this, an individual working on the concept for the series in question replied:

The major problem with Burrows Cave is that the more one examines the story, the more hoax-like and fabricated it begins to sound. At first glance it sounds plausible--a hiker falls into a cave and finds a trove of potentially-important artifacts. Then we find that the artifacts appear Egyptian, Etruscan, Greek, Scandinavian, Roman, Vedic (from India/Pakistan), Hebrew, and so forth.  

     The situation begins to sound suspicious since it's highly unlikely that all these cultures would've been interacting with the same native American tribes, much less at the same time, without leaving records of their own to tell the tale.

    The situation is further complicated by the appearance of Frank Collin/Frank Joseph, a former neo-Nazi and convicted felon who's restyled himself in a new and more respectable mold. But loud alarms begin going off once murky relationships involving certain diffusionists, Mormons, and fundamentalists begin to emerge. Here we are presented with groups who desperately want to believe in extensive contact between native American tribes and various Old World cultures, for a variety of reasons, and who reject interpretations that fail to support this theory.





Mission Statement:

The purpose of Ancient American magazine is to describe the prehistory of the American Continent, regardless of presently fashionable belief-systems, and provide a public forum for certified experts and nonprofessionals alike to freely express their views without fear nor favor.

Our task is to translate often complex research into accessible, attractive language
in a visually appealing format ordinary readers can understand and enjoy. Ancient American writers and artists appeal as much to the imagination as to the intellect in the conviction that mankind's past belongs to all inhabitants of the Earth; it is not the exclusive property of establishment academics. Each issue features articles submitted by the world's leading authorities on prehistory in clear, non-technical language,
and illustrated by a wealth of original color photographs and artwork published nowhere else.

Features include reports of Scottish mariners who sculpted the images of New Mexican cactus in a Highland church nearly a century before Columbus was born, and Vikings who left evidence of their visits behind in Minnesota and Oklahoma. Our research traces influences from 4th Millennium BC Japan in Ecuador, and prehistoric African themes throughout the earliest Mexican civilizations. We describe Semitic visitors, whose trek across ancient South Dakota is commemorated by native American Indians in four bluffs still referred to as "the Hebrew Brothers". Our writers examine a huge stone wall underwater 55 miles east of Miami, Florida, together with a Phoenician altar for human sacrifice found in Chicago, Illinois. These are only some of the puzzling enigmas showcased in every issue of Ancient American magazine.

Founded in 1993 by Wayne N. May as a vehicle for common enthusiasts, Ancient American has since grown to achieve worldwide distribution.





Shirley MacLaine promotes 'The Commander'

A cover-blurb, written by Shirley MacLaine, reads: “Frank Joseph’s book on synchronicity demonstrates, with research and understanding, how truly harmonious and balanced every act and event in our lives is - not just coincidence.  It proves how we are all parts of a fabric of which we should be made more aware.”  Collin ('Frank Joseph') has been a guest several times on Shirley's radio program starting with, I believe, promotion for the publication of his book Sacred Sites of the West, by Frank Joseph ( Blaine, WA: Hancock House, 1997).  A brief article, "Why Go to a Sacred Site?" by Frank Joseph appears on Shirley's website



Collin states

What gives this story its sharp edge is the demographic composition of Skokie at the time of the neo-Nazis' agitation. This Chicago suburb of 70,000 was home to perhaps 30,000 Jews, 5,000 to 6,000 of them Holocaust survivors and their families. To have brown-shirted hatemongers with swastikas on their arms march through a neighborhood whose inhabitants were so deeply affected by the Final Solution would simply be too much. (In reply) Collin said: "I hope they're terrified. I hope they're shocked. Because we're coming to get them again. I don't care if someone's mother or father or brother died in the gas chambers. The unfortunate thing is not that there were six million Jews who died. The unfortunate thing is that there were so many Jewish survivors." Could any redeeming purpose be served by letting the neo-Nazis march?

The above excerpts were taken from an article written by Tom Bateman, Department of Political Studies, Augustana University College, Camrose, Alberta for The Law and Politics Book Review Vol. 9 No. 5 (May 1999) pp. 192-194.

Burrows Cave Links